This how-to explains how to create a negative test case in ATS. It uses the Company Expenses app as an example.
ATS is a functional testing tool that asserts, finds, and sets widgets in a Mendix app. For this scenario, you do not want to know that a widget is present, but that a widget is not present.
The Click Menu Item action clicks a menu item based on the caption. In most situations, you test to make sure it is present, but sometimes you must test to check it is not present.
For example, when an employee logs in to the Company Expenses app, the admin menu must not be visible. When an administrator logs in, the admin menu must be visible.
To test this, you log in as an employee and assert that you do not see the admin menu. You can automate negative tests in ATS.
This is the navigation menu for an employee:
This is the navigation menu for an administrator:
This how-to will teach you how to do the following
- Create a negative test case
Before starting this how-to, make sure you have completed the following prerequisite:
3 Creating a Negative Test Case
The test case used in this how-to is already created. It asserts that the navigation menu displays the correct items. Next, you add a step to check that it does not display the Admin Menu item.
This is the navigation menu:
This is the test case:
- Open your app in ATS and go to the Test Cases menu item.
- Click the Repository tab:
- Select the test case to add the negative test step.
- Add the Assert False action where you want to place the negative test step:
- Set the Assert Value parameter of the Assert False action to True:
- Add the action needed to search for the menu item as a Precondition. Check the precondition box and add the Find/Assert Menu Item action:
- Enter the information needed to find the Admin Menu as an administrator to verify it is not visible as an employee. Also, enter a proper description.
These are the inner-workings:
- If ATS can find the Admin Menu, the precondition passes and the Assert False action fails, which ensures that the entire test step fails
- If ATS cannot find the Admin Menu, the precondition fails and the Assert False action is not executed, which ensures that the test case result is “passed”
Resulting in a test case fail if the menu item is found and a test case pass if it is not found.
You can use this method for a lot of different things.
The finished test case
You can also add the Assert true action with the Assert value set to false, instead of the Assert false action, to create a negative test case.
4 Next Up
You now learned how to create negative test case. The next how-to is How to Schedule Test Cases/Test Suites. You find an overview of all the how-tos and the structure on the ATS 2 How-to’s page. We advise you to follow the predefined structure.