Configure Selenium Support

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1 Introduction

Mendix uses CSS classes to identify page content like widgets and pop-up windows. You can use these classes in Selenium to manipulate pages and verify data.

This how-to will teach you how to do the following:

  • Use naming conventions
  • Avoid pitfalls

2 Prerequisites

None.

3 Naming Conventions

Widgets can be given a name in the Mendix Modeler. These names appear in the HTML document as class names prefixed by mx-name-. For instance, a grid named ArtistGrid will get the mx-name-ArtistGrid a CSS class. This is true for all widgets.

More complex widgets, like a grid, can set more specific CSS classes to sub-elements, like columns or the paging bar buttons.

Some widgets, like grids or list views, can show multiple items. Every item has the mx-name-index- CSS class followed by an index number, starting at 0.

The easiest way to discover these names is to use a browser’s developer tool, like Firebug.

4 Pitfalls

4.1 Nested Widgets

Every widget has a unique class name, which means that you can use the name on its own as a selector in Selenium. This makes them robust against changes in your page, like moving a button from one container to another. However, not all sub-elements in widgets are unique, like the buttons in a grid’s paging bar. To select such an element, use a descendant selector like .mx-name-artist-grid .mx-name-next. This first selects the artist grid and then searches for the next page button on that grid.

4.2 Timing Issues

Some actions done by Selenium take time to complete, for exampme, animations or requesting data for a pop-up window. When clicking a search button in a grid, the search bar appears using an animation. This means that after clicking the button, the test needs to wait for the animation to complete before continuing.

For more information, see the Webdriver: Advanced Usage.

5 Examples

Select a Microflow button named Execute in a page:

$('.mx-name-Execute')

Select the fourth row a grid named ArtistGrid:

$('.mx-name-ArtistGrid .mx-name-index-3')

Note that the fourth row in a grid has an index of 3.