Pages define the end-user interface of a Mendix application. Pages are created and edited in the page editor.
To view the Pages of your app in Mendix Studio, click the Pages icon in the left menu bar of Studio.
Studio supports apps based on the Atlas UI framework only. For details on Atlas UI, see Atlas UI.
Every page is based on a layout and a template:
- Layout – a frame you put your page in. Every page is based on a layout. For example, Atlas_Default or PopupLayout are types of layouts you can choose when creating a page. Layouts define a position and look of such UI elements as a page header and menu bars.
- Template – a starting point for a new page. Every time you create a new page, you select a template depending on data you want to display on your page and the way you want to display it: a list, a dashboard, a form. Depending on your choice, a page template can have a number of predefined elements on it, such as lists with images, forms. For example, Dashboard Action Tiles, List Default, Master Detail are types of templates.
Look and structure of a page is defined by the following elements:
- Widgets – single user-interface elements. For more information, see the Widgets section and Widgets.
- Building blocks – pre-configured set of widgets that speeds up the process of building your page and styling it. For more information, see the Building Blocks section.
The diagram below explains function of layouts, templates, and widgets:
All elements described above (layouts, templates, widgets, and building blocks) are powered by Atlas UI. For more information on what Atlas UI is, see Atlas UI.
2 Performing Basic Functions
2.1 Opening Pages
After opening Studio, it automatically opens the home page of the app.
To open a page in Studio, do the following:
Click the Pages icon in the left menu bar.
In the displayed list of app pages, select the one you want to open and click it.
The selected page is opened.
2.2 Creating a New Page
To create a new page in Studio, do the following:
Click the Pages icon.
Click New in the top right corner of the displayed side panel.
In the Create new page dialog window, fill out the title of the page, select a layout and a page template.
A new page is created.
2.3 Deleting a Page
To delete a page in Studio, do the following:
- Open the page you want to delete.
- Open the Properties tab.
Click Delete at the bottom of the Properties tab.
The selected page is deleted.
2.4 Adding Elements on a Page
To add elements on a page, do the following:
- In Toolbox, open the Widgets tab or the Building Blocks tab.
- Select an element you would like to add, drag and drop this element on a page.
2.5 Viewing Elements On a Page
There are two ways to view an element and its properties:
- Clicking the element on a page itself
- Clicking the element in a breadcrumb (for more information, see the Breadcrumb section)
The selected element is indicated with an blue border. Additionally, if the element is inside a data container (data view or a list view), it will be indicated with a data container icon:
2.6 Deleting Elements from a Page
To delete an element from a page, do one of the following:
- Select this element and press Delete
- Open the Properties tab of this element and this click Delete at the bottom of the tab
A breadcrumb is displayed on every page in the left bottom corner of Studio.
The breadcrumb serves two functions:
- Shows a bottom-up layering of a selected item on a page. For example, when you select a button on a page, you will see that it is placed in a container, which is in a column. Whereas, the column is in a row, and this row is placed in a layout grid on the page:
- Allows you to select an element on the page and view its properties. To navigate to an element on a page and view element’s properties, click this element in the breadcrumb.
4 Toolbox Tab
The Toolbox shows the tools that can be used on pages.
This tab consists of the following:
Widgets are single user-interface elements that can be configured.
You can update widgets in the Widget Overview.
4.2 Building Blocks
Building blocks consist of pre-set widgets that allow you to build a page faster:
Building blocks of Studio are divided into the following categories:
|Headers||A header combines the functionality of a page title and a control bar for your page. Due to its compact design and versatility it is often used in mobile pages.|
|Lists||Use these blocks when you need to display a list of data.|
|Cards||Cards contain diverse building blocks for different purposes.|
|Charts||Use these building blocks if you want to present your data as a chart.|
|Forms||Use these building blocks for a form to be filled out by users in your app.|
|List Controls||Represent data as a control list and help you to sort and search items in the list.|
|Master Detail||Use these building blocks to display the list of many items, but to show the details only for the selected element.|
|Breadcrumbs||Use these building blocks when you want to show the current page location in your application.|
|Timeline||Contains building blocks that show a list of events.|
|Wizards||Use these building blocks for inputting information step by step.|
|Notifications||Contain building blocks used for different notifications.|
|Alignments||Use these building blocks to align elements.|
If you want to read documentation on a particular building block and to know more about how and when to use it, click the small icon in the top right corner of the building block.
Building blocks categories may differ because Atlas UI can be customized using Studio Pro.
5 Properties Tab
The Properties tab displays the properties of the currently selected element and can differ per element.
For example, if you click Navigation Layout—which is the layout that you choose when creating a page—in the breadcrumb, properties will display reference information on page-related actions that you can perform, such as changing the page title and customizing pages’ look: