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This how-to will teach you how to manually set up a new SQL Server database.
You only need to follow these steps if the database user used by Mendix does not have enough permission to create the database for you.
Some of these steps are only required for specific versions of SQL Server or Mendix.
2 Set Up a New Database
When setting up a new database for Mendix, most of the settings can be left to the default configuration. When looking at the general settings, you only need to set up the database name. Set up the database files according to the Microsoft SQL Server best practices (for details, see SQL Server Installation Best Practices).
In the database options, the default properties need to be evaluated. When choosing a collation, pay attention to the type of collation you are going to use. Mendix uses UTF-8 for all data evaluation. Depending on your exact locale, you will most likely want to choose one of the
SQL_Latin1_General_ collations. The exact encoding will depend on your OS. For an en_US installation, this will be
The last two options identify how sorting and uniqueness is interpreted. For example, the collation option
_CS_ indicates that the collation sorting style will be case-sensitive. For more information on collations and case sensitivity, see Case-Sensitive Database Behavior and the Microsoft documentation Windows Collation Name.
As a recovery model, Mendix only requires the Simple mode. The functionality offered in the Full recovery model option is not used by Mendix; usage of this recovery model will not hurt Mendix, but it could increase the data usage of all the transactions and might slow down any rollbacks in case of an error.
After the database is created, the Mendix Runtime can initiate the initial setup and prepare all the tables and functions for usage by the platform. Some of these queries require
sysadmin privileges. The
sysadmin role can be temporarily assigned to the user, or these queries can be executed by the administrator. Other queries need privileges which are implicitly assigned to the
db_owner role. If the user used by the Mendix Runtime does not have enough permissions for any of these queries, you can run them manually – see below for more information.
3 Enabling Read Committed Snapshot Isolation Level and Snapshot Isolation
Mendix apps using SQL Server use both Read Committed Snapshot and Snapshot Isolation features for their database. This allows read operations to continue even if the record has been updated by a concurrent transaction, improving concurrency. For more information, see the Transaction Locking and Row Versioning Guide.
You only need to follow these steps if the database user used by the Mendix Runtime does not have enough permission to issue the
ALTER DATABASE command (usually the
The database schema needs to be configured so that the Read Committed Snapshot and Snapshot Isolation features are enabled. This can be achieved by executing the following commands on the database:
ALTER DATABASE [MySchema] SET READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT ON; ALTER DATABASE [MySchema] SET ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION ON;
You need to replace
MySchema with the name of your schema.
4 Configuring the necessary SQL Server extensions
You do not have to configure these extensions for Mendix version 8.0.0 and above.
For Mendix version 7, you only need to perform these steps if the following are true:
- your SQL server version is older than SQL Server 2014
- the database user used by Mendix does not have permission to issue the commands in this section
4.1 Installing SQL Server Extensions
For the correct functioning of Mendix, some SQL Server extensions need to be installed. This can be achieved with the following command, which requires a
sysadmin or administrator role. Remember to set the file path to the correct location of your Mendix installation:
CREATE ASSEMBLY [Mendix.SqlServerExtensions] FROM "D:\MyFolder\Mendix\server\runtime\lib\Mendix.SqlServerExtensions.dll" WITH PERMISSION_SET = SAFE;
The permission above requires CLR to be enabled on the SQL Server instance. CLR can be enabled using this query:
EXEC sp_configure 'clr enabled' , '1'; RECONFIGURE;
4.2 Queries to Be Executed with the
db_ddladmin Database Role
4.2.1 Create Function mx_toLocalDateTime
If you are not working in the same timezone as UTC, you need to enable CLR and this function. Without timezone support in the platform, development of your functionality will be much more difficult. A function needs to be created for timezone handling. Also, for this function, Common Language Runtime (CLR) needs to be enabled on the SQL Server instance (see above).
You can create the timezone handling function using the following command:
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[mx_toLocalDateTime] (@utcDateTime datetime, @dstTimeZone nvarchar(50)) RETURNS datetime AS EXTERNAL NAME [Mendix.SqlServerExtensions].[Mendix.SqlServerExtensions.DateTimeLocalizer].[ConvertToLocalDateTime];
4.2.2 Create Procedure usp_nextsequencevalue
This is normally executed automatically by the Mendix Runtime so long as the database user used by Mendix has permission to create procedures.
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[usp_nextsequencevalue] @SeqName nvarchar(128) AS BEGIN DECLARE @NewSeqVal bigintSET NOCOUNT ON UPDATE [mendixsystem$sequence] SET @NewSeqVal = [current_value] = [current_value] + 1 WHERE [name] = @SeqName RETURN @NewSeqVal END;