Mathematical Function Calls

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1 max

Returns the largest value from the specified arguments.

1.1 Input Parameters

  • Two or more values that are all either of type Date and time or of a numeric type (Integer/Long, Decimal).

1.2 Output

Returns the largest value from the specified arguments. If the arguments are of type Date and time, the result will also be of type Date and time. If the arguments are numeric, the result will be of the most precise type. For example, if both an Integer/Long and a Decimal argument are specified, the result will be of type Decimal.

Type: Integer/Long or Decimal

max(5, 1, 5, 6.7)

returns:

6.7

of type “Decimal”.

2 min

Returns the smallest value from the specified arguments.

2.1 Input

Two or more values that are all either of type Date and time or of a numeric type (Integer/Long, Decimal).

2.2 Output

Returns the smallest value from the specified arguments. If the arguments are of type Date and time, the result will also be of type Date and time. If the arguments are numeric, the result will be of the most precise type. For example, if both an Integer/Long and a Decimal argument are specified, the result will be of type Decimal.

Type: Integer/Long or Decimal

min(5, 1, 5, 6.7)

returns:

1

of type “Decimal”

3 round

Rounds a number to a certain precision.

3.1 Input

  • a number Type: Integer/Long, Decimal

  • a precision (optional) Type: Integer/Long

3.2 Output

In the Settings, your option for Round numbers can be set: * For the Half away from zero option (also called “commercial rounding”), +2.5 becomes +3 and -1.5 becomes -2 * The Half to the nearest even number option (also called “bankers’ rounding”) is the default rounding mode used in IEEE 754 computing functions and operators; for example, +23.5 becomes +24, as does +24.5; and -22.5 becomes -22, as does -21.5

The second optional parameter determines the precision of the rounding. The default value is 0. The result will be of the most precise type possible. For a precision of 0, the result will be of integer/long type, and for all other precision values, the result will be of the decimal type.

Type: Integer/Long or Decimal

round(3.5)

returns:

4

of type “Integer/Long”

and

round(88.725,2)

returns:

88.72

of type Decimal

4 random

Generates a random number >= 0.0 and < 1.0

4.1 Output

A random number between 0.0 and 1.0 Type: Decimal

random()

5 floor

Rounds down to an integer (everything after the decimal point is ignored).

5.1 Input

  • a number Type: Integer/Long, Decimal

5.2 Output

The input value rounded down to the nearest integer.

Type: Integer/Long

floor(3.9)

returns:

3

and

floor(-1.2)

returns:

-2

6 ceil

Rounds up to an integer (everything after the decimal point is rounded up).

6.1 Input

  • a number Type: Integer/Long, Decimal

6.2 Output

The input value rounded down to the nearest integer.

Type: Integer/Long

ceil(3.2)

returns:

4

and

ceil(-1.9)

returns:

-1

7 pow

Calculates the exponent of a number to a certain power.

7.1 Input

  • a number Type: Integer/Long, Decimal
  • a power Type: Integer/Long, Decimal

7.2 Output

The number to the power, i.e. n^p. The result will be of the most precise type necessary.

Type: Integer/Long or Decimal

pow(2, 3)

returns:

8

of type “Integer/Long”

and

pow(2.5, 3)

returns:

15.625

of type “Decimal”

Calculation of ‘pow’ with a decimal exponent might be less accurate, as the standard Java libraries do not support these calculations with high precision. Use a specialized library in a custom Java action if high precision is required for this case.

8 abs

Calculates the absolute value of a number (ie not negative).

8.1 Input

  • a number Type: Integer/Long, Decimal

8.2 Output

The absolute value of the input, which is never negative. Corresponds to taking the square and then the square root.

Type: Integer/Long or Decimal

abs(-5)

and

abs(5)

both return:

5